The project is proposing to build a consistent corpus of the most important archaeological finds in Romania, from paleolithic until 1000 AD it is intended to constitute, in a new and modern approach, a useful theoretical and practical tool, both for the romanian and foreign specialists, and for the wide public. Our proposal surpasses the frame of the basic atlas in the traditional meaning, aiming the review of the chronological concepts according with the newest archaeological data in Romania and abroad, both from the contact chronology and from the physical an chemical data as well. The scientifical team approach should promote a sensible and critical revising of the chronological and cultural current framework, using and integrating the interdisciplinary research contributions. The visibility of the project in Romania and abroad will be supported with prestigious national and international conferences participation, and through two exploratory workshops building. The final results of the project will be presented in a romanian english bilingual edition with illustrations (quantitative and qualitative hierarchiesed archaeological sites, archaeological photographs and archaeometrical plans of the outstanding sites, typical archaeological material selections according with the defined chronological horizons) and a text volume which will contain shorts comments concerning the main epochs and chronological horizons, the significant interdisciplinary research results (physical and chemical analyses and archaeometrical investigations comments), with the essential bibliography regarding the critical analyzed findings selection also. The results will be through digital support (cd) disseminated, and through web page as well. We also assume the elaboration of some scientifical contributions (articles and studies) considered as case studies which will sustain the archaeological atlas constitution.
The relevance of the project
Following the modern and always current conception, according which Romania, as geographical, political, social, economic and cultural entity, has the mission to interact in a creative way with a diversity of scientific and cultural environments, ready to receipt and to develop the so called “European spirit”. With the new conditions, as member of the EU, these goals become honor and competence obligations for the Romanian scientifically area also. The team members, perfectly aware of the profound changes in the Romanian society is confronting with, intend to constitute themselves in scientifically research group aware the common are lacking, beyond the discursively schemes based on undertaking an repetitively of information and knowledge with now critical approaches at the conceptual and empiric level. We think that’s is the way to create a highly competent scientifically milieu. This should be guarantee of a fast integration of Romania with the EU developing directions.
Archaeological researches brought in the last century major contributions concerning the knowledge of long time ago disappeared societies. It is right, the traditional type archaeology dealt mainly with discovering, documenting, repertoriation and valorifications of the mobile and immobile heritage of the ancient civilizations. During the last decades and specifically in the last years, the reevaluation of archaeological conceptions, the place and role of it as scientifically knowledge domain, led to the approach perspective, research and interpretation of the archaeological sites change. In other words, outlining in archaeology is the identification and evaluation of the interhuman mechanisms, the human-environment, human-artifact relationship.
The project we submit to your attention starts from the idea of obtaining trough the objectives and proposed activities high scientifically results in the Romanian archaeology field. As you can notice for getting this ambitious scope, the project team shall employ in its scientifically research the previous knowledge of the late and current archaeologist generations. The team members themselves, will largely contribute with their own field, desk and didactical experience. There is no question, in attaining this ambitious goal, one should mainly observe the newest results and information in this field. In the same time, one of the precise directions followed by the team, will be to utilize, enriches and interpret, in a critical way, the relevant contributions coming from the interdisciplinary area (14C, dendrological, physic and chemical composition, burning structures and archaeometrical analyses etc.). By the way, this direction will sustain the novelty feature of the project and will contribute to the expected results to be integrated in the European and world scientifically landscape. We are deeply convinced that the implementation and outcome of this project will support significantly to the transition to a knowledge society, both in our country and over the boarders also and we will support the legitimate Romanian expectance to get outstanding position in the scientifically and cultural European countries concert.
Such a project is susceptibil to strongly contribute to the natural and positive trend to continue and especially extend of the international colabaration and cooperation through informal / or formal work groups or through international and especially European projects frame.
There is a well aspected premise of the viability of the project by a balanced constitution of the research team, comprising notorious and highly experienced senior researchers next to junior researchers. The project director is invested with an important role through his scientifically, didactical and managerial previous experience.
The cosiderably large extension of the main work (the atlas volumes, beginning with the first human archaeological traces in Romania countryside until 1000 AD) defined in the project frame, the numerous gathering, verification and interpretation activities of the published and unpublished information, of archaeometrical data, of the analitical samples also, all those require a tight cooperation between the team members and a slightly larger number of researchers, directly involved in the common effort, as recomended. Our institution provides a highly qualified scientifically personal, fully capable to translate the project’s obiectives into practice. The fullfilment of those represents a good premise for the preservation an recognition of the Romanian researche institutes as credible agents on the international knowledge market.
The commun, divers and consistent efforts resultant should be the forging of a greatly up to date, flexibil and usefull work instrument, reliyng on hierachised and critical approach of the available data and on the sensible data contribution from the interdisciplinary knowledge domains. In the same time, we underline the optimum scientifically knowledge quality which will be carefully and objectively evaluated, and the novelty feature approach which will be discussed in the next sections.
The objectives of the project
The knowledge stage. In the past were some remarcable efforts made concretized through a work series among which we mention: Atlasul-Dictionar al Daciei romane edited by a research team from the University of Cluj-Napoca, but these one as it results even from the work title is reducing its field to the Roman epoch and to the previous Dacia province only; a quite similar enterprise (Carte archéologique de la Roumanie) was published in 1972 by prof. Em. Condurachi, Vl. Dumitrescu, M. Matei. On the didactical level destinated to pupils and undergratuated students, we can only mention the Atlas Istoric (Bucuresti, 1971, the archaeological and ancient history section made by D. Berciu, R. Florescu si D. Tudor). It is of course obvious that this works, published more than 30 years ago are partialy obsolete, both according to the current knowledge stage and on the educational level. There is a deep lack of an fundamental and aplicated knowledge complex and flexibil instrument, for the target group. There are of course quite a lot of special works containing catalogues and charting of different archaeological discoveries (monographs, repertories, studies, articles etc). Generaly, each of those are focusing on a restraint field, sometimes without a critical approach.
Statement. This project highly responds to a late ’90 European intention level when prof. M. Buchwaldek (Prague University curently decesed) and prof. A. Lippert (Vienna University) innitiated and conducted a vaste project refering to build a major pre- and protohistoric archaeological atlas (from the Atlantic to the Ural Mountains and from the Paleolithic to 1000 AD). Three members of our team gathered and processed the documentation involving Romania, but unfortunately despite their will the general project was never finished. We consider that our project is the best opportunity to translate into consistency the former European intention. Therefore, our team launches an explicite and implicite challenge for making of the “old continent” archaeological atlas, following the romanian archaeology knowledge and experience.
We therefore sustain a new format, which is explained subsequently. This new format foresee the sustaining of the fundamental scientific research, using the frontier and exploratory research fields trend.All these look for the increasing of the knowledge quality, of the Romanian research visibility and recongnition into a field in which Romania has a good an powerful tradition, that we intend to ensure and promote its prestige.
Originality. In comparision with the above mentioned European project as well as the major previous achievements, the project team will bring the following novelties and complements:
1. substantial extension of the archaeological monuments surveid and selecte for writting and illustration presentation;
2. the definitory chronological horizons reconsideration for the Romanian territory, according to the newst domain data and to the scientific achievements from the neighbouring countries. Our aim is to sincronize and integrate those data in a larger logical and compatible point of view;
3. introductive comments for each of defined chronlogical horizons, reffering to the chronological limits and aarchaeological phenomena dinamic from each of those;
4. a sensible illustration through representative archaeological materials for each of the considered horizons;
5. illustration using field photographs of the typical sites referring to the chronological horizons;
6. each of the major archaeological epochs will be supported with interdisciplinary domain contributions (relaying on the gathered and selected samples by the team members and, if needed, also scientifical existing literature) reffering to chronological framework, the physical-chemical composition or the archaeological materials burning features;
7. the qualitative and quantitative mapping of different archaeological finds, characteristic ofr each of the operating chronological horizons (we intend to map not only the archaeological sites and phenomena but also some of the object types and significant arcaheological contexts for the named chronological horizons and epochs).
The interdisciplinary features. In the evolution of the modern archaeology, but less measure in Romania, in the last decades become obvious the input of other and diverse knowledge research fields: physics and chemistry (radiocarbon, thermoluminiscence, reaciminisation of the aminic acides, magnetometry), biology (archaeobotanics, dendrology, archaeozoology, paleobiology, parasitology etc.). It is natural that the team members to have in mind, to evaluate and to integrated the scientific data incoming from this directions. Above all, the team should procede to the information enrichement of this field through of their own researches, or through involving concacrated parteners in the field. The section of the areas where our own archaeometrical activities will take place and the sampling prelevation will be decided by the team itself.
The importance of the project. The work we propose and sustine (the atlas especially – bilingual romanian-english edition -, next to at least eight articles – case studies, which will contribute to gain a solide theoretical and practical support in order to clarify using the feed-back relationship of some high interest aspects) is of great relevance in the present:
1. in Romania, this work is one of the kind until now. Its main characteristics are the large chronological extension and the implementation and implication of the newest knowledge methods entered by interdisciplinary domains;
2. the elaboration of such an work (of high scientifically quality and with an equal graphical layout) will impose itself as a reference work provided with great accesibility for numerous and divers target group;
3. the target group comprises large categories of potentialy interested subjects: pupils in the medium educational precess, under- and postgraduated students, teachers and professors, research personnel and the wide public; the bilingual layout of the atlas will secure in the same time a good difusion abroad
In the light of above discussed issues, our project becomes one of the ground breaking projects in the field.
We are fully aware that in the EU new integration conditions we have the duty to provide to the society excelency scientifical results, to encourage and create significant contributions aedequate to the knowledge main stream. Our final objective (and the most important of the entire project) is the editing and publishing on paper and electronic layouts of the atlas volumes, as well as their disemination in Romania and abroad. The Atlas will be composed of two distinct volumes, an illustration volume and a text volumes. The illustration volume will contain, in the chronological way, the periods and chronological horizons mapping; at their turn these will be highlighted and defined by illustrations of typical archaeological materials selections for the specific chronological sequence; we will also add sites photographs, arcaheometrical plans of the main sites. The text volume will contain comments reffering to the illustrated epochs and chronological horizons; the evaluation, selection and hierarchichal of the finds criteria; the mapping sites list accompanied by a short discovery presentation and the involved bibliography; the output and interpretation of the physical, chemical and arcaheometrical data adn their importnace in our activities. On the disemination level there were foreseen as support activities the elaboration of an articles and case studies bulk due to to deeply clarify some taking into account aspects for the atlas’ building.
In the project team activity planning there are present objectives and activities series which will constitute the temporary or permanently support for the achievement of the project final objective. The main steps in our workprogress will be.
• The identification, comparision and evaluation of the theoretical and practical achievements and of the methological trends in the field;
• The building of the archaeological material and bibliographical documentary data base;
• The building of an informational support through the selection and analizing of some relevant contexts samples, in particulary from the areas where such data are scarce or completely missing;
• Interrelating of the data base with the collected information through the physical and chemical methods with the archaeological information;
• The provinding of a managerial framework intented to an optimal support for the project.
The role and impact of the project
We do estimate that a such wide open and high diversity approach project will increase the team’s competitivity and creativity and of the target group. Implicitly it will determine the communication straitghting and the social science meaning, as well as the ethics and research chance equality promotion. We are deeply confinced that the succesful project as our will represent a strong stimul and a true chalenge for the research groups from Romania and abroad. From our point of view, the top scientifical quality, the bilingual edition, the high-quality layout, as well as the structure, the approaching paths and interdisciplinary data input sets our future achievement in the most representative, outstanding and novatory category in the field. Such an achievement reflects in an sintetical and atractive way the archaeological research competitivity, importance and quality from Romania and highly secures the outlining visibility in our country and especialy abroad. We espect a good recepting of our project results by the target group.
The methodology of the research
In order to properly reach our objectives we have in attention the use of well-known methods in archaeology such as typology, stratigraphy, chorology, statistical and combinatory analysis, seriation, as well as the correlation with the methodology which has imposed itself in the archaeological research in the last decades: archaeometry, radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, fabric analyses of some archaeological materials. The team role, especially of the experienced researchers, is to rationally choose the proper methodologies as related with the described objectives and activities.
|Atlasul arheologic||Summary and the relevance of the project|